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Energy Solutions Center Inc.

400 N. Capitol St., NW 4th Floor
Washington, DC 20001

Voice 202-824-7152
Fax 202-824-7096
E-mail dweiss@escenter.org

 

Tank Water Heaters

I Overview
Tank-style water heaters heat and store hot water so it is ready for use as needed.

II Applications
Residential-sized tank water heaters, with capacity 30-40 gallons, are generally used in residential and small commercial settings. Larger heaters, of capacity around 100 gallons, are common in commercial and small industrial applications.

Tank-style water heaters can be used in combination heating and hot water systems, or used as backup to a solar water heating system.

III Equipment Options
Tank water heaters range in heating capacity from 30,000 BTU/hr (for residential units) up to 199,000 BTU/hr (for commercial units). This seemingly unusual upper limit results from codes; units rated higher than 200,000 BTU/hr are generally classified as boilers.

Tank-style water heaters are available with atmospheric vent, direct vent or power vent options.

Modern tank water heaters will generally be at least 62% efficient. Condensing models, which condense the heater's flue gases, can be higher than 90% efficient and are currently available for commercial applications.

IV Resources
1. Equipment Manufacturer Database
2. Natural Gas Efficiency Consortium

V Photo